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India (official name: Republic of India / Bhārat Gaṇarājya) is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west;China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
India Flag
National flag of India
The National flag of India has three equal horizontal bands - India saffron (Kesari) on top, India green at the bottom and a white middle band bearing at its center the design of Ashoka Chakra in navy blue color with 24 equally spaced spokes. In 1921, Pingali Venkayya presented a flag design to Mahatma Gandhi that consisted of two horizontal bands of red and green. Lala Hans Raj Sondhi suggested placing the traditional spinning wheel in the middle and Mahatma Gandhi suggested adding a white stripe in the center. The resulting flag was called Swaraj flag and it was designed by Pingali Venkayya with suggestions from Mahatma Gandhi and Lala Hans Raj Sondhi. It became the official flag of Indian National Congress Party at its 1931 meeting. When India was about to get its independence, the flag was modified and was adopted as the National Flag of India.



How did California get its name?
Portuguese-born João Rodrigues Cabrilho and his chief pilot Bartolomé Ferrelo were the first Europeans to explore the coast of the present state of California. Sailing for Spain, Cabrilho left in June of 1542 from Navidad on the west coast of Mexico and proceeded north. He reached San Diego Bay in September, becoming the first European to set foot in what is today the state of California. He continued north along the California coast but died in January 1543 from an infection resulting from a broken arm. Portuguese-born João Rodrigues Cabrilho and his chief pilot Bartolomé Ferrelo were the first Europeans to explore the coast of the present state of California. Sailing for Spain, Cabrilho left in June of 1542 from Navidad on the west coast of Mexico and proceeded north. He reached San Diego Bay in September, becoming the first European to set foot in what is today the state of California. He continued north along the California coast but died in January 1543 from an infection resulting from a broken arm.



How did California get its name?
Portuguese-born João Rodrigues Cabrilho and his chief pilot Bartolomé Ferrelo were the first Europeans to explore the coast of the present state of California. Sailing for Spain, Cabrilho left in June of 1542 from Navidad on the west coast of Mexico and proceeded north. He reached San Diego Bay in September, becoming the first European to set foot in what is today the state of California.



How did California get its name?
Portuguese-born João Rodrigues Cabrilho and his chief pilot Bartolomé Ferrelo were the first Europeans to explore the coast of the present state of California. Sailing for Spain, Cabrilho left in June of 1542 from Navidad on the west coast of Mexico and proceeded north. He reached San Diego Bay in September, becoming the first European to set foot in what is today the state of California. He continued north along the California coast but died in January 1543 from an infection resulting from a broken arm. Portuguese-born João Rodrigues Cabrilho and his chief pilot Bartolomé Ferrelo were the first Europeans to explore the coast of the present state of California. Sailing for Spain, Cabrilho left in June of 1542 from Navidad on the west coast of Mexico and proceeded north. He reached San Diego Bay in September, becoming the first European to set foot in what is today the state of California. He continued north along the California coast but died in January 1543 from an infection resulting from a broken arm.


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